Conserving threatened species (Report 7: 2018-19) by Queensland Audit Office published on 2018-11-13T22:57:23Z Australia is home to between 600 000 and 700 000 native species, many of which are unique to Australia. Queensland alone is home to 85 per cent of Australia’s native mammals, 72 per cent of native birds, just over 50 per cent of native reptiles and frogs, and more than 11 000 plant species. But Australia’s native flora and fauna are in decline. Environmental legislation aims to protect Australia’s native species by providing systems for identifying and listing species as threatened. This legislation restricts people from taking, keeping or using listed species. But not all threatened species are listed. For example, species are less likely to be listed if insufficient data is available to make an assessment. This audit assessed whether Queensland public sector entities are effectively identifying, protecting and conserving threatened species. We assessed whether the Department of Environment and Science: • identifies and lists Queensland’s threatened species • is transitioning effectively to the Common Assessment Method (a nationally consistent method for assessing and listing threatened species) • has strategies and plans in place to effectively protect threatened species and their habitat • is effectively monitoring and reporting on threatened species outcomes.