Mysore State Anthem: Kayo Shri Gowri | ಕಾಯೋ ಶ್ರೀ ಗೌರಿ ಕರುಣಾಲಹರಿ
www.nammakannadanaadu.com | www.sobagu.in
A national anthem is an generally patriotic musical composition that evokes and eulogizes the history, traditions and struggles of its people, recognized either by a nation's government as the official national song, or by convention through use by the people. In 1947, "Jana Gana Mana" was recognized as national anthem of India. But did you know, before 1947, every major princely state had its own state anthem which would be played on state occasions and sung in schools. These included "Gaekwadi" of Baroda state, "Jai Jai Maharaja" of Nawanagar, "Jai Bhawani" of Kolhapur, "God save the Maharaja" of Jammu and Kashmir, "Ya rab humare badshah ko" of Hyderabad. Most of these anthems were soon forgotten after the states were abolished. However, one state anthem still retains its popularity till this day and is a personal favourite of mine. "Kayo Shri Gowri", the Mysore State Anthem.
Maharaja Chamarajendra Wadiyar of Mysore, in whose reign the Mysore anthem was composed.
Story of the Mysore state anthem
In 1831, the princely state of Mysore was taken under British rule on pretext of maladministration. 1881, after much deliberation, it was decided that the state would be given back to the Wodeyars. The princely state of Mysore was reconstituted and restored to Maharaja Chamaraja Wodeyar by the "Rendition of 1881". To commemorate this occasion, Maharaja Chamaraja Wodeyar asked Basavappa Shastry, the court poet of Mysore durbar, to compose a state anthem.
'Kannada Nataka Pitamaha' Basavappa Shastry (1843-1891) who composed the Mysore state anthem -- "Kayo Shri Gowri".
Basavappa Shastry (1843-1891), a native of Mysore was well known as ''Kannada Nataka Pitamaha''. Basavappa Shastry was just 18 years old when he became part of the Mysore Palace court and served as rajaguru, asthana vidwamsa and rajapurohit (important royal decorations). He published a compilation on Mummadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar titled 'Krishnarajabhyudaya'. He wrote as many as 28 books including 11 translations, 12 works in Sanskrit and five works in Kannada.
The composition "Kayo Shri Gowri" by Basavappa Shastry is in Sanskrit, written in Kannada script. It is an invocation to Goddess Gowri or Chamundeswari -- the titular deity of the Mysore Royal Family. By non- Hindus, the word Gowri used to be substituted by Devaru ( God) as a prayer made to the Great God and Father of Mankind . As stated earlier, the Mysore state anthem was composed during the reign of Maharaja Chamaraja Wodeyar. The tune was a personal favourite of the Maharaja. It was set tune with the help of Maharaja's Band Master, Mr. Bartels and Vainika Sikhamani Seshanna.
In the course of time, became extremely popular with the Mysoreans. It was sung daily by thousands of School Children and to herald the arrival and departures of the reigning Maharaja at any public function. Even today, many Mysoreans of older generations become nostalgic on hearing the anthem as it reminds them of their school days.
Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore was highly influenced by this anthen. In 1919, Sir Albion Banerjee was the first councillor under Diwan Sir. M.Kantharaj Urs. On his invitation Tagore visited Bangalore on January 12, 1919 to deliver a lecture on ‘The Message of Forests’. Mysore Anthem is based on Raga- Dheerashankarābharanam. It is known as Bilawal in the Hindustani music system. The Western equivalent is the C major scale, Ionian mode. Hence this rāga is one of the most popular scales across the world, known with different names in different musical styles. The national anthem ‘Jana Gana Mana’ is also based on the same Raga and the same scale, perhaps a sign of its influence!
Lyrics of the Mysore State Anthem:
ಕಾಯೋ ಶ್ರೀ ಗೌರಿ ಕರುಣಾಲಹರಿ
೧. ವೈಮಾನಿಕ ಭಾಮಾರ್ಚಿತ ಕೊಮಲಕರ ಪಾದೇ
ಶ್ರೀಮಾನ್ವಿತ ಭೂಮಾಸ್ಪದೆ ಕಾಮಿತ ಫಲದೇ
೨. ಶುಂಬಾದಿಮ ದಾಮ್ಬೋನಿಧಿ ಕುಮ್ಬಜ ನಿಭ ದೇವಿ
ಜಮ್ಭಾಹಿತ ಸಂಭಾವಿತೆ ಶಾಂಭವಿ ಶುಭವೀ
೩. ಶ್ರೀ ಜಯಚಾಮುಂಡಿಕೆ ಶ್ರೀ ಜಯಚಾಮೆಂದ್ರ
ನಾಮಾಂಕಿತ ಭೂಮೀಂದ್ರ ಲಲಾಮನ ಮುದದೆ
www.jootoor.com | www.seofeatures.com | www.seofeatures.in