H U M A N S I N S
/ chapter 2
P R I D E
"It was Pride that changed angels into devils; it is humility that makes men as angels." - St. Augustine
/Origins of the Seven Deadly Sins
The modern concept of the seven deadly sins is linked to the works of the fourth-century monk Evagrius Ponticus, who listed eight evil thoughts in Greek as follows:
Γαστριμαργία (gastrimargia) gluttony
Πορνεία (porneia) prostitution, fornication
Φιλαργυρία (philargyria) avarice
Ὑπερηφανία (hyperēphania) hubris – sometimes rendered as self-esteem
Λύπη (lypē) sadness – in the Philokalia, this term is rendered as envy, sadness at another's good fortune
Ὀργή (orgē) wrath
Κενοδοξία (kenodoxia) boasting
Ἀκηδία (akēdia) acedia – in the Philokalia, this term is rendered as dejection
/They were translated into the Latin of Western Christianity (largely due to the writings of John Cassian), thus becoming part of the Western tradition's spiritual pietas (or Catholic devotions), as follows:
Fornicatio (fornication, lust)
Superbia (hubris, pride)
/These "evil thoughts" can be categorized into three types:
lustful appetite (gluttony, fornication, and avarice)
mind corruption (vainglory, sorrow, pride, and discouragement)
/In AD 590 Pope Gregory I revised this list to form the more common list. Gregory combined tristitia and acedia, vanagloria and superbia, and added envy. Gregory's list become the standard list of sins. Thomas Aquinas uses and defends Gregory's list in his Summa Theologica.
/P R I D E
The Sin of Pride is said by some to the the foremost of the Seven Deadly Sins. Hubris is the gateway through all other sin enters the mortal soul.
/What it is :
Pride is excessive belief in one's own abilities, that interferes with the individual's recognition of the grace of God. It has been called the sin from which all others arise. Pride is also known as Vanity.
/Why you do it :
Well-meaning elementary school teachers told you to "believe in yourself."
/Your punishment in Hell will be :
You'll be broken on the wheel.
/Associated symbols & suchlike
Pride is linked with the horse and the color violet.
/Medieval theologian Thomas Aquinas said of Pride "inordinate self-love is the cause of every sin (1,77) ... the root of pride is found to consist in man not being, in some way, subject to God and His rule."
/The Travelers' Guide to Hell says that
Pride is ruled by the celestial sign of the Sun. It is "the mother of all sins... the thin line between righteousness and self-righteousness." Incidentally, this book actually mentions the Seven Deadly Sins Home page. Right there on page 6!
Of the seven deadly sins, pride is the only one with a virtuous side. It is certainly a good thing to have pride in one's country, in one's community, in oneself. But when taken too far, as Michael Eric Dyson shows in Pride, these virtues become deadly sins.