Lecture: Do portraits require posing? by Art Gallery of NSW published on 2017-08-16T02:53:04Z As part of the 2017 Archibald Prize, Cynthia Freeland, professor of philosophy at the University of Houston in the US, takes a step back to look at the curious nature of portraiture. She argues for the difference between candid snapshots, revelatory images and portraits. Writes Freeland: "In my book 'Portraits and Persons' (Oxford, 2010), I claimed that the subject of a portrait must fulfill a requirement that I call 'posing'. This requirement seemed essential to me to capture the idea that a portrait involves a kind of collaboration between artist and subject. However, it does raise various problems. It rules out counting various things as portraits that some people think should be included, such as depictions of (i) animals, (ii) infants, (iii) people caught unawares (in candids), and (iv) 'beneath-the pose' revelatory images. Also, the question is asked whether posing is required given that we classify some images of long-dead people (like Cleopatra) as 'portraits' of them. In this talk I will revisit the posing requirement and try to defend it, especially for cases (iii) and (iv), considering various examples from different media along the way." Cynthia Freeland is professor of philosophy at the University of Houston and until recently was the president of the American Society for Aesthetics (2015-2017). She writes on ancient philosophy, feminist theory, film theory and aesthetics. Publications include 'But Is It Art?' (2001), which has been translated into 14 languages, and most recently 'Portraits and Persons' (2010). This lecture is presented in conjunction with Artsense and the University of Adelaide and is supported by The Australian Research Council.