20180809 - Debt Disputes & Trade Routes: Jiaozhi Merchants in Eastern Han Changsha by Zhang Zhaoyang by ANU China Institute published on 2018-10-09T01:24:59Z Jiaozhi, in present-day northern Vietnam, lay at the southern frontier of the Han Empire (206 BC-220 AD). A lack of textual records has long since hampered academic research on the region. Now, though, newly published Eastern Han (25 A.D.–220 A.D.) documents excavated at Changsha provide us with valuable historical evidence on Jiaozhi. One record shows that a number of Jiaozhi merchants engaged in long-distance grain trade in Changsha and were involved in a debt dispute with local residents. Most immediately, this document affords a rare, first-hand account of the lives and activities of ordinary Jiaozhi merchants. More broadly, it can help us to understand commercial interactions and migrations between Jiaozhi and other southern commanderies in the Eastern Han period.